Volleyball

Volleyball
1. Historie
2. Structure
a) Court
b) positions
c) rules
d) Scoring
3. Technique
a) Serve
b) Pass
c) Set
d) Attack
e) Block
4. Differences between Beach volleyball and Volleyball
Volleyball
My English presentation is about Volleyball because this is my favourite sport. I want to start
with the history, and then I’ll explain the structure of the game. After that I will talk about the
different techniques and the differences between normal volleyball and beach volleyball.
History
In 1895 William G. Morgan created a new game called “Mintonette” in a town near Springfield. It
was an alternative indoor sport to the rougher basketball which was devised four years before.
Characteristics of volleyball come from handball and tennis. In the beginning the court and the
net were smaller than today. The number of people who could play was not limited; neither were
the ball contacts limited.
1952 “Mintonette” changed to „volleyball”. In the 20th century the game spread out to other
countries. Volleyball was included into the Olympics in 1964, Beach-Volleyball in 1996. The best
nations today are Brazil, Serbia, Russia, Italy and China.
Structure
1.1 The court
A volleyball court is 18m long and 9m wide, so every team has 9 times 9m place to play. The
halves are separated by a net. The net for male players is 2.43m, for females the net is 2.24m
high. There is also a 3m-line parallel to the net in each court, which is called the “attack line”.
1.2 Rules
Each team has six players. This team tries to avoid that the ball touches the floor in their own
court, and they try to get the ball to touch the floor in the other team’s court. The teams can only
touch the ball three times, and then they have to return the ball into the other team’s court.
1.3 Positions
Player 1 and 2 has to attack, the porous defence and has to block. Player 1 has also to do the
serve
Player 3 and 6 are the setters and have to block. But player 3 has the second ball contact in the
team.
Player 4 and 5 has the outside attack, the pass and the block.
1.4 Scoring
A team can get a point when:
– the ball contacts the floor in the other team’s court
– when the ball hits the ceiling
– when the other team hits the ball outside of the court
– when the other team touches the net
The team that won the point serves for the next point. The first team who gets 25 points wins
the set and the first team to win three sets wins the match.
Technique
1.1 Serve
In order to get the ball into the game, player 1 stands behind the inline and serves the ball into
the court of the other team. If no one in the other team touches the ball, this serve is called an
“ace” and is counted as 1 point for the serving team.
1.2 Pass
The pass is the most important ball because it decides the following ball contacts. You can
either dig or do an overhand pass.
1.3 Set
The set is usually the second contact that a team makes with the ball. The main goal of setting
is to put the ball in the air in such a way that it can be driven by an attack into the opponent’s
court. The setter coordinates the nasty movements of a team, and is the player who finally
decides which player will really attack the ball.
1.4 Attack
The attack is usually the third contact a team makes with the ball. The object of attacking is to
hit the ball so that it lands on the opponent’s court and cannot be protected.
1.5 Block
A player who stands at the net tries to block an opponent’s attack by jumping up and raising his
hands.
4. Differences between Beach volleyball and Volleyball
The important differences are that the court of beach volleyball is a little bit smaller, in a team
are 2 players, there are only 21 points, there is no 3meter line and the ball is softer and just 2cm
bigger.

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