Today I want to invite you on a journey to London. London has 7 million inhabitants
and is the capital of the United Kingdom. The climate is mild and damp and the
weather is generally cloudy and foggy.
Now I will tell you something about the history of London.
500.000 years ago was the valley of the Thames homeland of many stalling hunter
and gatherer but prime the Romans settled big and fortified colonies. 43 years after
Christ emperor Claudius arranged London which was known as “Londium”, and
engineered the first bridge across the Thames. Boadicea attacked London in 61.
Today it is possible to see ruins of Roman’s handwork like the City Wall, which was
built in the year 200. 410 the Roman occupation left the country. King Ethelbert built
the St. Paul’s Cathedral in 604.
834 the Vikings assaulted London. Alfred the Great ascend the throw of Wessex in
884.The Danes conquered London and destroyed the London Bridge in 1014. In 1066
was the battle of Hastings that followed authority. The first Stone Bridge across the
Thames was built in 1176. In 1649 Charles 1. was beheading. The Great Fire
destroyed a fifth of the town and raged 4 days in 1666. London was the largest City
in the world with 8.600.000 inhabitants in 1801. In 1837 was the assumption of office
from Queen Victoria. In 1863 was the initiation of the first underground between
Paddington and Farringdon.
At least I will show you the sights of London:
Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the British monarch since 1837. It is
named after John Sheffield, who was the duke of Buckingham. It was bought in 1762
by George 3. for his wife, Queen Charlotte, and so it became known as the queen’s
house. Buckingham Palace has about 600 rooms and 20 hectares of garden.
It is the public square in central London that shows the victory of British Commander
Leslon at the battle of Trafalgar. The Trafalgar Square is dominated by Nelson’s
Column, a 56 meter-high monument that includes a 15 meter-high statue of Lord
Nelson. It was built between 1839 – 1843. The four lions on the end of the column
were built in 1867; they were sculpted by Sir Edwin Landseer and cast by Baron
Marochetti. The Trafalgar Square is a popular tourist spot and it is often the sight of
political demonstration and also a traditional location of New Year’s celebrations.
St. Paul’s Cathedral
With her fantastic store front on the west side and her both towers, which are in
baroque style, and the 111 meters-high dome, educated St. Paul’s Cathedral a
distinctively emblem of London. The dome with Trompe l’oil-frescs fascinates
everyone who saw the interior of the Cathedral. In the north of the monument of Duke
of Wellington situated, which is in bronze and marmot by a flight of steps in the south
you came into a big, clear enlightened Krypta with 350 memorial stones and more
than 100 sepulchers. New is a monument for the British honor of the war of Falkland,
but the most popular tombs are from Wellington and Nelson. The first of three
galleries under the dome is the third of the Golden Gallery, who shows you a
wonderful view over the city.
Houses of Parliament
The “mother of all Parliaments” is one of London famous sights; it is situated on the
north Thames. There proceed 1265 Parliament-meetings. The Houses of Parliament
includes the Houses of Commons and the House of Lords. Until the war a bomb
destroyed the rooms of the House of Commons and primes in 1950 it was rebuilt the
northern side of the Houses of Parliament is Westminster Hall, the one leavings of
the primary palace. On the other side is the Jewel Tower, with an exhibition about the
history of the Parliament. The tower clock Big Ben is weighing more than 13 tons and
it is housed in St. Stephen’s Tower, at the northern end of the Parliaments. Edmund
Beckett Denison designed the clock and it was built by E. J. Dent. The clock is called
after Sir Benjamin Hall.
It was opened for the traffic on the 30. June 1894. The Bridge is so designed that
also big sailing-ships are able to reach the Port of London. Under the reproduced,
gotic ruins reside a more-massive steel-frame, whose construction you by an guide of
videos and models about the bridge’s history get announce.
Thank you for your attention. I hope I could tell you some interesting and worth
knowing about London.