London

London

London is a famous metropolis and a very cultural city. It has many boroughs. All boroughs have its own atmosphere: e.g. the quarter West End, Chelsea, or Soho. In London you can see a lot of monuments, museums, castles, parks, first class theatres and operas with famous orchestras, shopping streets, pubs and markets. Very famous is the British Museum, the Tate Gallery, the wax museum of Madame Tussaud, Tower Bridge, the Houses of Parliament with Big Ben and the Changing of the Guards. Most of the sights you can find at the bank of the Thames. London has lots of famous buildings, e.g. the Tower of London (with the Crown Jewels), the magic Hampton Court Palace (placed in wonderful gardens at the river Thames) and Kensington Palace (the house where Queen Victoria was born and the last home of Lady Di). There are more than 300 museums and more than 100 theatres, for example MOMI (the Museum Of the Moving Image), the Victoria and Albert Museum, which is about 12 km long, the Museum of London, the Science Museum and the National History Museum. Many musicals, like Cats, Me and My Girl, Les Misérables, Saturday Night Fever, Starlight Express and Buddy, are played in London. The best view on London you can have from the top of the dome of St. Paul’ s Cathedral and from the big wheel called London Eye. If you are in London you can go shopping (in Harrods or in Oxford Street) or visit some of these sights: Buckingham Palace, Covent Garden, the Docklands, Madame Tussaud’ s, Piccadilly Circus, Royal Albert Hall, St. Paul’ s Cathedral, the Tower of London, Trafalgar Square, Westminster Abbey or Windsor Castle. The fastest way to travel in London is by underground. The people who live in London call it the ‘tube’.
The Thames This river is flowing along all important sights (e.g. the Houses of Parliament, the Tower of London and Tower Bridge). London’ s main artery is the Thames. During the last century the Thames was industrially used. It is the most important river of Great Britain and it divides London into two parts. The Thames is 78 km long. The Clock Tower with Big Ben Together with the Tower Bridge it is one of the most famous landmark in London. It was built in 1859. Big Ben is the name of the 13 tonnes heavy bell in the clock tower but everybody calls the whole tower Big Ben. The Houses of Parliament The Houses of Parliament is the domicile of the British parliament which is divided into the House of Lords and the House of Commons. It burned down in 1834 but it was built up again in 1950. Today it is one of the most beautiful buildings in London. St. Paul’ s Cathedral This cathedral is placed in the business centre of London. After the Great Fire of 1666 Christopher Wren built his masterpiece at the same place of the old cathedral. The dome of St. Paul’ s is 111 m high. The bishop of London has his residence in the cathedral. Big kings and queens has been married here, e.g. Prince Charles and Lady Diana.
Windsor Castle This castle lies 40 km away from London at the bank of the Thames. It was built in the 11th century by William the Conqueror. Windsor Castle is very beautiful. Since this time the castle has been the royal residence. In the state rooms are many treasures. At the weekend the queen lives here. In the backyard is the great St. George’ s chapel. Westminster Abbey The abbey lies behind the Houses of Parliament. It was built by Eduard the Confessor in 1065. It is an important church because the British monarchs have been crowned here. It is also a museum and a burial-place of kings, poets and thinkers. The Tower of London In the 17th century the Tower was built by William the Conqueror. In the past it was a palace of the kings, later (until 1820) it was a prison. Today it is a museum where tourists can see the crown jewels. When king Henry VI. lived there he cut off the heads of two of his wives. Tower Bridge The bridge is nearly 100 years old. It has two towers (each of them weights 1000 t), in which are big machines who work for the whole bridge to open it. The Tower Bridge is the most famous bridge in London. Madame Tussaud’ s Madame Tussaud’ s wax museum is more than 200 years old. There are about 400 famous wax figures (e.g. filmstars, kings, etc.). London has a Madame Tussaud’ s Rock Circus, too. Here are stars of the music scene. The figures look as authentic as human beings. This theatre is since 1802 in London and since 1884 at the same place like it is now. It contains the oldest and biggest collection of wax figures. Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre It is an imitation of the original Globe Theatre of Shakespeare which burned down in 1613. 1993 it was opened again. Today you can watch plays on Shakespeare there. You can find the theatre at the bank of the Thames. The London Dungeon The London Dungeon lies in the centre of London. It is a horror cabinet and the most terrible museum of the world. Here the horrible history of London is shown for example the deeds of Jack the Ripper, the plague, the executions and the tortures of the Middle Ages. And all that is shown there is true! Museum Of the Moving Image In the Museum of the Moving Image you can explores the magical world of film, television and video. Original objects of exhibition as Charlie Chaplin’ s hat can be seen here as well as hundreds of classic films and TV clips. At MOMI you can fly like superman, read the news, make your own cartoon or audition for Hollywood with one of the cast of actor-guides. London Eye The London Eye is a 135 m high big wheel. It has 32 cabins (each for 25 people) and it goes 30 minutes in the air. From this place you can look down at the metropolis London and all its sights. It is the biggest wheel in the world. The Millennium Dome The Millennium Dome is a modern building in Greenwich at the bank of the Thames. Inside you can watch an interactive show. The show is about our everyday life in the future divided into 14 sectors. Wonderful acrobats, music and effects are shown there.

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