Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders
●Anorexia Nervosa
Eating disorders
You call it eating disorder if somebody has negative feelings about the own body weight and
a defective behaviour about food.
These wrong eating habits can slowly destroy all the normal body functions which can also
lead to death.
Types of eating disorders
1. Anorexia Nervosa
Stopp eating/ eating not enoughfor a long time, in order to become thinner
2. Bulimia nervosa
They eat in a normal way, but later they vomit it, to feel better
3. Obesity
Addiction of eating very much of food which is fat and rich in calories
Numbers and facts
• 5% of the concerned persons is male but the majority with 95% is female.
• 75% of all the women in Germany did at least one diet in their life
• 15% are on diet EVERYTIME, but only 5% of the diets make
any sense
• 2 of 5 girls think they are too fat
• 40% of all the girls in Germany between the age of 9 and 10 have
already done a diet
• 2% of the population is suffering from Obesity
• 17% of all the women in Germany are taking medicine to
avoid the feeling of hunger.
Anorexia Nervosa
The word “Anorexia” comes from the Greek language and stands for loss of appetite
What is Anorexia about?
Anorexia is one of the most known types of eating disorder.
People with anorexia try to suppress their hunger feelings.
They make extreme diets and refuse food
They avoid food, which contains too much fat and calories.
They eat too less, to supply the daily needs of calories and they do lots of sports to burn the
calories, they take in with the food
So they loose a lot of weight in a short time.
Often just a single glass of water a day or a piece of apple is the only nutrition of a person
with Anorexia nervosa.
Concerned persons have a disordered feeling for their body.
They don’t realize their own physical situation, even with extreme underweight.
They look in the mirror and although see a fat person.
Some of the anorexic persons take extra appetite suppressants (some kind of medicine, which
helps to be not hungry anymore).
Their thoughts are just about calories and losing weight everyday, so they have a bad
conscience, even when they eat just a little.
33% of the concerned persons have been overweight at the beginning of anorexia
Causes of Anorexia
 The lack of self-confidence
 Conflicts in childhood or in the family
 Problems with growing up
 The desire for more attention and love
 Pressure to succeed
 Extremly skinny idols
Nowadays the stars and models become thinner and thinner. In the media they always report
about the exact weight of the stars. It seems to be like a
competition, “who is the thinnest”. Two famous examples are Mary-Kate Olsen
and Nicole Richie.
Results & Consequences
(for body & soul)
 Problems with their heart,( irregular heartbeat)
 Weakening of the blood circulation -> body becomes cold
 Disruption of the renal function
 Weakening of the muscles
 hair loss
 dry skin
 Absence of the menstruation
 Depression
 Loss of concentration
→With too much weight loss, anorexia leads to death!
How many sufferers become healthy after a therapy?
 Only 50% become healthy
 4% die
Campaign against Anorexia
2007 the fotograph Oliviero Toscani shocked whole Italy with a foto-campaign against
The brand „NO-l-ita“ shows during the Milan-Fashion week ads with a photograph of a nude
anorexic women on it in public. Because the fashion industry is generally the chief cause of
After long discussions the campaign finally became forbidden.
Anorexia Nervosa
People with Obesity eat a huge amount of food, which is fat and very unhealthy so they
consume thousands of calories in a short time, which the body can’t burn .
Obesitys being fat, in a way that is not healthy.
Their thoughts are just about food and the desire of candies the whole day.
Concerned persons try to avoid physical activities in their freetime.
They dislike to go in public.
Most of the time they eat alone, to avoid feelings of guilt and shame but after eating they get
depression and feelings of disgust.
In general they hate their own situation but they aren’t able to escape out of this vicious circle.
Causes of Obesity
The causes of Obesity are broadly the same as of the anorexia
 Conflicts in childhood
 Problems with growing up
 The desire for more attention and love
 The wrong eating behaviour of the family as standard for the children
 Frustration, stress and loneliness
 Lack of movement
 Biological problems
Results & Consequences
 Diabetes
 Lung and breathing problems
 Arthritis,(problems with the bones)
 Pain in the back
 Irregular menstruation
 Gall bladder disease
 Cancer
 Problems with the heart
→ Obesity can increase the risk of heart attacks and cancer so people can
although die.
 Depression
 Collapse of self-confidence
Obesity is a global increasing problem. The number of overweight people will rise to 1.5
billion in the next 10 years.
How can people beat eating disorders?
There are clinics, which are specialized in eating disorder.
The concerned persons can also choose between different therapies.
But also the family and friends are very important to beat the eating disorder completely.
People with anorexia often have such an acute underweight, that a total parenteral nutrition in
hospitals is the last chance to survive.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
The Body Mass Index is a method to classify the weight.
You can check if your weight is normal, too much or too less.
How to calculate your own BMI:
weight in kg
BMI = ———————-
height in meters ²
normal weight:
19-24 19-24
25-34 20-25
35-44 21-26
45-54 22-27
55-64 23-28
>64 24-29
Eating disorder – Essstörung
Anorexia nervosa – Magersucht
Bulima nervosa – Bulimie
Obesity – Fresssucht/Fettleibigkeit
Nutrition – Nahrung
to refuse – verweigern
to vomit – sich übergeben
behaviour – Verhalten
concerned person – Betroffener
sufferer – Betroffener
to suffer – leiden
to suppress – unterdrücken
lack – Fehlen/Mangel
renal function – Nierenfunktion
loss – Ausfall
absence – Ausbleiben
a huge amount of – eine große Menge von
to require – beanspruchen
disgust – Ekel/Abstoß
Gall bladder – Gallenblase
disease – Erkrankung
cancer – Krebs (Krankheit)
total parenteral nutrition – künstliche Ernährung

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